Dementia care represents a significant burden to our society. Although we are still far from any cure for dementia, there are several medications available for symptomatic management of Alzheimer’s disease and vascular dementia. These agents not only improve the cognitive and behavioural symptoms of dementia but may also help maintain patients’ functional independence and lessen caregiver stress. There are also a number of clinical trials currently in place to investigate new agents for treatment of Alzheimer’s disease. This article reviews the current medications available for Alzheimer’s disease and vascular dementia, as well as a number of promising agents that are under investigation.
Key words: Alzheimer’s disease, vascular dementia, cholinesterase inhibitors, donepezil, galantamine, rivastigmine, memantine.