Liver Diseases Most Recent
With the rapidly increasing numbers of elders in North American Society, the prevalence of those living with dementia is clearly on the increase.
The liver undergoes substantial changes in structure and function in old age. There are age-related changes in liver mass, blood flow, and hepatocyte and sinusoidal cell morphology.
MD, FRCPC, FACP, AGSF
When I started out in medicine, differentiating between the various causes of hepatobiliary disease was extraordinarily difficult. It is not easy now, but modern imaging techniques have certainly helped us dramatically.
Ascites is the accumulation of free fluid in the peritoneal cavity. In over 80% of cases, it is a result of cirrhosis.
The prevalence of gallstones has been increasing among the aging population. Common sequelae of cholelithiasis include asymptomatic gallstones, biliary colic, acute cholecystitis, choledocholithiasis, cholangitis, and gallstone pancreatitis.
The prevalence of chronic liver disease is increasing in older people. The presentation of these diseases is often asymptomatic or nonspecific, so they easily go undiagnosed.
What few laypeople realize is that the liver plays a crucial role in maintaining overall health. It performs numerous vital functions including the processing of dietary nutrients and vitamins, maintaining blood sugar levels, activating or detoxifying medications and manufacturing proteins.
Primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC) is a disease of unknown origin that causes chronic liver injury.
Liver transplantation improves survival for selected patients with chronic liver disease, fulminant hepatic failure and hepatocellular carcinoma.
MD, CCFP, FRCPC
This article will review the epidemiology, etiology, presentation, diagnosis, management and prevention of acute viral hepatitis (Types A, B and C), with specific reference to the elderly population.