flexibility training

Exercise and Dementia: A Step-by-Step Approach to Prescribing Exercise


Dr. Alykhan Abdulla, BSC, MD, LMCC, CCFP, DipSportMed CASEM, FCFP, CTH (ISTM), CCPE, Masters Cert Phys Leader, ICD.D

Assistant Professor University of Ottawa Faculty of Medicine, Academic Clinical Professor University of Ottawa Faculty of Nursing Medical Director The Kingsway Health Centre, The Kingsway Travel Clinic, The Kingsway Cosmetic Clinic, Editor in Chief/Author Journal of Current Clinical Care SPORTS MEDICINE, Past Chair Section of General and Family Practice Ontario Medical Association, Bruyere Foundation


Abstract: Dementia is a threat to the aging population. Although dementia cannot be reversed there is evidence that physical exercise can improve activities of daily living, balance, quality of life, funtion, strength, and mental function through various parameters. This article will focus on aerobic training, resistance training, and flexibility training.
Key Words: dementia, exercise, aerobic training, resistance training, flexibility training, exercise prescription.
Approach to Exercise Prescription includes asking questions during a patient's routine visit.
1. Ask about a patient's level of physical fitness.
2. Review their activities, assessing intensity, duration, and frequency.
3. Develop a fitness goal.
Prescribing exercise to patients with dementia that includes focus on aerobic training, resistance training, and flexibility for the prevention of injuries will help reduce the symptoms of dementia and improve function.
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