The accredited CME learning activity based on this article is offered under the auspices of the CE department of the University of Toronto. Participating physicians are entitled to one (1) MAINPRO-M1 credit by completing this program, found online at www.geriatricsandaging.ca/cme
This review describes the current state of knowledge in nutritional interventions in osteoporosis, using the Osteoporosis Society of Canada’s (OSC) 2002 clinical practice guidelines for the diagnosis and management of osteoporosis as a basis. Nutrients important for osteoporosis are calcium, vitamin D, protein, sodium, caffeine, and isoflavones. These recommendations are updated and other nutrients and food components, not covered in the OSC 2002 report, are described. As a single nutrient approach is no longer warranted, we discuss how the Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) diet can be used to provide appropriate intakes of many key nutrients for persons with, or at risk of, osteoporosis.
Key words: DASH diet, calcium, vitamin D, protein, osteoporosis.