1 Faculty of Medicine, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. 2Department of Pediatrics, Department of Dermatology and Skin Sciences, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada.
Abstract: Xerosis is a common skin condition that becomes more prevalent with age and is a prominent feature in ichthyosis. It primarily resulting from abnormalities in the stratum corneum, influenced by factors like natural moisturizing factors, lipid synthesis, and genetic pathologic variants. The diagnosis of xerosis and ichthyosis is usually made clinically, though specific investigations may aid in the diagnosis of specific ichthyoses. Both conditions can have a considerable negative impact on the quality of life of patients. Management includes moisturization and taking preventive measures to maintain skin health and to prevent xerosis.
Xerosis is a common condition worldwide and it is a prominent feature of both syndromic and non-syndromic ichthyoses.
Both xerosis and ichthyosis can have a considerable negative impact on the quality of life of patients.
The diagnosis of xerosis and inherited ichthyoses is based on history, clinical manifestations, associated abnormalities, and family history, but several specific investigations may aid in the diagnosis of syndromic ichthyoses.
Managing xerosis includes applying topical moisturizers with key components like lipids and humectants while proactive preventive measures are vital for preventing triggers of the condition.
Understanding and addressing triggers such as temperature, low humidity, sunlight exposure, and environmental conditions like air conditioning or heating can be essential in managing xerosis effectively.
Evaluating the overall severity of xerosis and ichthyosis may include the use of established tools like the Dermatology Life Quality Index (DLQI) and the newer Ichthyosis Scoring System (ISS) to assess their impact on patients’ quality of life.
Identifying signs such as brittle hair, neurological abnormalities, and palmoplantar keratoderma can be suggestive of syndromic ichthyoses. These indicators are valuable for recognizing these rare conditions and guiding further examination or evaluation.
To have access to full article that these tools were developed for, please subscribe. The cost to subscribe is $80 USD per year and you will gain full access to all the premium content on www.healthplexus.net, an educational portal, that hosts 1000s of clinical reviews, case studies, educational visual aids and more as well as within the mobile app.