Osteoporosis is a significant cause of morbidity and mortality in the older population. Bone density testing is recommended for all men and women 65 or older. In postmenopausal women, and in men over the age of 50, testing is recommended for those at high risk for osteoporosis. Effective therapy is available for those at risk for fracture. Bone density testing combined with clinical risk factors, including age and fracture history, can be used to assess fracture risk and identify those individuals most likely to benefit from drug therapy.
Key words: osteoporosis, bone density, fracture, diagnosis.