Treating Dyslipidemia and Hypertension in the Older Person with Diabetes: An Evidence-Based Review

Raymond Fung, MD, BSc, Fellow, Division of Endocrinology, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON.

Lorraine L. Lipscombe, MD, FRCPC, Clinical Associate, Research Fellow, Division of Endocrinology, Sunnybrook and Women’s College Health Sciences Centre, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON.

The prevalence of diabetes has been increasing significantly in the last several years, especially in the older population. Cardiovascular disease (CVD) represents the most important complication of diabetes in this age group, as up to 80% of persons with diabetes die from CVD. The treatment of dyslipidemia and hypertension are both key in ameliorating CVD risk. Recent randomized controlled trials have included older persons with diabetes and have demonstrated that both statin therapy for dyslipidemia and antihypertensive agents are highly effective and safe in preventing CVD in this population. This review will examine the evidence for treatment in both areas, outlining the special considerations in the aged.

Key words: diabetes mellitus, cardiovascular disease, statins, hypertension, cholesterol.