Cathy R. Kessenich, DSN, ARNP, Professor of Nursing, University of Tampa, Tampa, FL, USA.
Darlene A. Higgs, RN, BSN, Nurse Practitioner Student, University of Tampa, Tampa, FL, USA.
Osteoporosis is a major cause of health problems in residents of long-term care facilities. It often results in bone fracture, causing poor quality of life and a national financial burden. As the population ages, the incidence of osteoporosis and its consequences increase. It is essential to employ fracture-prevention strategies that have proven most beneficial in long-term care settings and those tailored to promote adherence among older adults. This article reviews osteoporotic treatment appropriate for individuals in long-term care, including treatment through pharmacology, nutritional support, fall prevention, and hip fracture prevention.
Key words: osteoporosis, long-term care, hip protectors, fall prevention, vitamin D.