The accredited CME learning activity based on this article is offered under the auspices of the CE department of the University of Toronto. Participating physicians are entitled to one (1) MAINPRO-M1 credit by completing this program, found online at www.geriatricsandaging.ca/cme.htm
Despite the increasing prevalence of symptomatic knee osteoarthritis, many uncertainties exist pertaining to its management. Many putative risk factors are characterized by excessive loading of vulnerable joint structures. Clinical examination includes assessment of knee function and the influence of modifiable risks such as malalignment, muscle strength, and obesity. Knee braces, footwear, exercises, and dieting are prescribed for the purpose of improving the distribution of loads on the knee, and reducing the likelihood that osteoarthritis (OA) and its symptoms will worsen. In this conservative approach, pharmaceuticals of low toxicity are preferred and given only when other methods fail to achieve functional improvement.
Key words: knee osteoarthritis, mechanical risk factors, nonpharmacologic management, physiotherapy, joint replacement.