John G. Buckley, PhD, Senior Research Fellow, Vision & Mobility Laboratory, Department of Optometry, University of Bradford, Bradford, UK.
David B. Elliott, PhD, MCOptom, FAAO, Professor of Clinical Vision Science, Department of Optometry, University of Bradford, Bradford, UK.
There is mounting evidence that visual impairment is significantly associated with the increased incidence of falling in the older adult. Surprisingly, the leading causes of visual impairment in the aging adult population are correctable and due to undercorrected refractive errors and/or cataract. This highlights that, to reduce fall risk, older people should be encouraged to have regular eye examinations to detect and subsequently correct such problems as early as possible.
Key words: falls prevention, visual impairment, ophthalmic intervention, older adult.