Long-term care-acquired pneumonia is a clinical syndrome of pneumonia that develops in a resident of a long-term care facility who has not been recently hospitalized. It is one of the leading causes of mortality and morbidity among the residents of long-term care facilities. Streptococcus pneumonia, Haemophils influenza, and Moraxella catarrhalis are the most frequently identified bacterial causative. Poor oral hygiene increases the risk of long-term care-acquired pneumonia. In this review, we discuss the risk factors, pathogenesis, etiology, management, and the preventive measures for long-term care-acquired pneumonia.
Key words: Long-term care, nursing home, health care facilities, pneumonia, fluoroquinolones.