Although total joint arthroplasty (TJA) is a highly effective treatment for individuals with moderate to severe osteoarthritis who have not responded to medical therapy, disparities in TJA utilization based on gender, race/ethnicity, and socioeconomic status are well documented. These disparities may be due in part to patient-level factors such as perceptions of, and willingness to consider, TJA. Another possible explanation is that subtle or overt biases may inappropriately influence physicians’ treatment recommendations regarding this procedure. Because of the potential for an increased quality of life among TJA recipients, disparity in rates of use of TJA among individuals with an identified need represents inadequate care. In this article, we make recommendations about how to make sure your patient gets the best care.
Key words: quality of care, osteoarthritis, joint arthroplasty, disparities.
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality for both men and women. Among individuals with coronary heart disease (CHD), there are gender differences in clinical epidemiology, prevalence of risk factors, clinical presentation, and quality and outcomes of care. Older adults and older women in particular are at risk for underdiagnosis and suboptimal management of CHD and its risk factors. Adherence to clinical practice guidelines for diagnosis and management of CHD can improve outcomes of care for older men and women with CHD and narrow gender disparities in clinical outcomes.
Key words: cardiovascular disease, gender, older adults, quality of care, women’s health, coronary heart disease.
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