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interventions

Psychoactive Medications and Falls

Psychoactive Medications and Falls

Teaser: 

James W. Cooper, RPh, PhD, BCPS, CGP, FASCP, FASHP, Emeritus Professor and Consultant Pharmacist, College of Pharmacy, University of Georgia, Athens, and Assistant Clinical Professor of Family Medicine, Medical College of Georgia, Augusta, GA, USA.
Allison H. Burfield, RN, PhD, Assistant Professor, School of Nursing, College of Health and Human Services, University of North Carolina-Charlotte, Charlotte, NC, USA.

The high incidence of falls among older adults leads to increased health care costs and decrements in functional status. Psychoactive medications consumed by older adults are often implicated in falls. This article briefly reviews the associations between falls and psychoactive medications, with a focus on the long-term care setting, and offers an assessment method and strategies to reduce the risk of certain classes of medications known to contribute to fall risk.
Key words: falls, medications, psychoactive load, interventions, older adults.

Preventing Delirium among Older Adults with Dementia

Preventing Delirium among Older Adults with Dementia

Teaser: 


Donna M. Fick, PhD, GCNS-BC, Associate Professor of Nursing, School of Nursing, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA, USA.
Ann Kolanowski, PhD, RN, FAAN, Elouise Ross Eberly Professor of Nursing, School of Nursing, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA, USA.

Delirium superimposed on dementia (DSD) is common, is associated with poor clinical and economic outcomes, and occurs across all settings of care. In this article, we briefly review outcomes of DSD, propose the idea of cognitive reserve as a possible mechanism for interventions that prevent and manage DSD, and present the evidence for delirium interventions. We conclude with implications for practice and suggest web-based resources for supporting best practices in the care of persons with DSD.
Key words: delirium, dementia, prevention, interventions, cognitive reserve.