Due to the excellent outcomes of renal transplantation, there is an increasing number of people surviving with, or receiving a transplant, at an older age. While the transplant centre usually manages the immunosuppression and renal problems, these individuals also require primary care. This article will review the common health issues that primary care physicians encounter routinely among these patients. Common problems include managing cardiovascular risk factors, screening for malignancy, vaccinations, treatment of uncomplicated infections, and bone disease. Important drug interactions will be reviewed. Communication between the primary care physician and the transplant centre will also improve care of these patients.
Key words: renal transplantation, primary care, cardiovascular disease, drug interactions, chronic kidney disease.
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Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is increasingly common among older adults. In the older individual, the presence of CKD is predictive of cardiovascular death, increased all- cause mortality, and progression to end-stage renal disease and the need for dialysis. Early identification of these high-risk individuals may prevent or delay such adverse outcomes. The Canadian Society of Nephrology (CSN) released a position statement in September 2006 suggesting that screening be limited to those at high risk. We recommend that clinicians follow the CSN algorithm for screening for CKD among older adults.
Key words: chronic kidney disease, estimated glomerular filtration rate, older adults, renal function, screening.
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